Types Of Fishing Rigs

A fishing rig is a set of products used to catch fish. Rods, hooks, sinkers, bobbers, swivels, lures, beads, and other fishing tackle are used to make it. A rig is held in place with a rod, by hand, or by connecting to a boat or pier. 

Some rigs can float above the water’s surface, while others fall to the bottom. Some rigs are designed specifically for trolling. Many rigs are made for catching a single type of fish but can also help to capture a variety of fish.

Types Of Rigs

fishing rig types

Basic Paternoster

The paternoster is without a doubt the most famous bottom-fishing rig, having captured nearly anything that swims. It’s ideal for drifting, surf fishing, or even estuary fishing with the sinker at the bottom and one or two hooks. The sinker’s location not only reduces the risk of snagging but also holds the baits out of the weed, where they are seen in the strike zone. 

The paternoster rig is ideal for bottom-bouncing, although it can be applied in a variety of circumstances. This method involves floating over fertile grounds with enough weight on the rig to hold it on the bottom, where the maximum number of fish would be. 

It’s an easy method for catching anything from morwong and leatherjackets in southern waters to coral trout, spangled emperor, and trevally in the tropics. In other words, it’s a versatile machine that can generate almost anything and is handled by anyone.


The rig is of a 4/0 to 7/0 suicide or circle hook tied directly to the end of a 6kg to 10kg monofilament mainline. The rig includes a light sinker that runs free to the hook. If there is some current pressing, you may need to increase the sinker’s scale. 

The basic technique entails chopping up fish cubes to create a path that gradually sinks to the bottom some distance behind the boat. Fish drawn to the steady stream of burley will often return up the trail to the source.

This technique works better in shallower water, such as within 50 meters, but it can be used in surprisingly deep water if there is no current. 

Running Sinker

The running sinker is a rig for areas like Port Phillip Bay, where there is little current and the water is shallow. 

A small barrel swivel connects a 15kg leader to the mainline, and the whole rig is weighted down with a small bean sinker that runs freely along the mainline.

 It used to use a pair of 5/0 chemically sharpened octopus hooks on the business end, but most anglers now use circle hooks. The rig is adjusted in places where the current is heavier.

To keep the bait from spinning, a longer trace is used. The sinker is connected to a loop of lines to avoid spinning. The line is bound to a swivel that runs along the mainline, rather than running free down the line. 

Single Hook Running Sinker

A single hook with a free-running ball sinker that runs to the hook is a popular rig up north, particularly in heavy reef countries. It is a simple setup with just one knot that is ideal for catching coral trout and emperor up on the reef.

The fact that this rig is relatively easy to de-snag is a great advantage. When the hook snags on the coral or a stump, the idea is to shake the line to bounce it off. The sinker will run up and down the mainline, and when it reaches the anchor, it will always bounce free, saving you the trouble of re-rigging.

Simple And Single

It is the most basic of all rigs, consisting solely of a hook attached to the end of the string. It’s as easy as it sounds, but it’s lethal because it’s the purest, with nothing to obstruct its appearance or movement, such as sinkers. 

The only issue with this setup is that it suffers from line twists, so it might be beneficial to incorporate a slight swivel.

Go Fluoro

The cost of switching to fluorocarbon leaders is well worth it. However, it’s also better to spend the money on high-quality fluoros, such as Icon, so that it’s undetectable. The issue with some of the less expensive lines is that they are not true fluorocarbon and, as a result, the fish can see them more easily.

Drift Fishing Rig

Drift fishing allows you to fish in many environments by drifting with the tides or the wind. You can drift fish on the bottom or use a bobber or float to adjust the depth. 

Natural baits and freshwater fishing rigs perform best. Jigs, lures, and artificial flies in your drift fishing setup, on the other hand, can yield decent results. You can easily fish in ponds, lakes, rivers, and streams, around the year with the aid of this rig.

Bottom Bouncing Rig

Most of the time during most seasons, bottom bouncing from drift or trolling boats is an effective method for attracting or locating fish. Drag a bucktail jig or natural bait along the bottom with your bottom bouncing rig. 

The lure bounces along with the dragging motion on these freshwater fishing rigs, stirring up tiny clouds of sand or mud. You can drop anchor and use other freshwater rigs to catch the same species you’ve attracted after a few strikes with bottom bouncing.

Trolling Rig

To avoid scaring fish, we generally use a boat with a small electric motor. This boat silently pushes through the water without making a loud noise.

You may also troll by walking along the edge of a shoreline, bridge, or pier while towing a fishing rig. 

Trolling is also done with a spinning reel or a bait caster. Some states prohibit motorized trolling, so check your local fishing laws to avoid getting in trouble with the law.

Live Lining Rig

When your boat is anchored in a moving body of water, such as a river or stream, your line is live. In your live-lining fishing rig, use live or prepared baits and hold them on or just off the bottom. 

Fishing rigs that use live lining allow your line to drift with the current through holes and rocks where fish can be hiding. While the type of fishing rig you use will depend on the fish you’re after, the live lining is a popular choice among bass anglers.

Three-Way Rig

The 3-way rig is another freshwater rig that works well for drift fishing. This rig prevents your bait from sinking. This rig is used by catfish and surf anglers. 

Sliding Sinker Rig

Anglers should try the sliding sinker bottom rig for drift fishing. It’s a popular, flexible rig used from shore or while drifting in a boat to catch bait off the bottom. 

Some bass anglers prefer the slider sinker setup when using freshwater striper fishing rigs with live bait. The rig’s presentation allows the sinker to rest on the water’s surface while the bait is above it.

Baiting Up

Regardless of which rig you use, you must take the time to properly rig the bait so that it looks normal. In most cases, just threading a slice of squid or a slab of tuna without worrying about it isn’t enough. 

Spending a little extra time to rig the bait will pay off, but different baits necessitate different techniques. Other softer baits, such as tuna, can be difficult to half-hitch, so the safest choice is to feed the hook entirely through the flesh, then pin the hook point back through the fillet so the hook eye is directly where the line enters the fillet. 

If you have any questions about how your bait is rigged drop it into the water next to the boat and see how it lies. Many fish species are picky and will reject anything but the best-quality bait, which might surprise you. 

If you want to catch some decent table fish these days, week-old refrozen bait won’t cut it, so stop by your nearest fish market and pick up some new bait. If you’re very serious, go a little further and gather your bait before going out.

The best baits for fish are tough and ideally have a high oil content. Squid, fresh salted tuna slabs, mullet, and slimy mackerel are baits that can tolerate being pulled along the bottom by water pressure and pickers. Live bait is another popular choice for offshore fishing. 


Fishing is a captivating idea to keep you busy on weekends and it can be a lot of fun when you know the appropriate rigs and baits to use. Happy Fishing!

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