Types Of Fishing Poles

Traditionally, fishing rods were made of bamboo, but nowadays, the majority are made of carbon fiber or fiberglass. They were also known as fishing poles.

The main feature of a fishing rod is to deliver power by transferring energy through the rod and bending it. A rod’s accumulated potential energy must be transferred to the end of the line. 

This is accomplished by casting a smooth stroke with increasing acceleration until the rod is suddenly stopped, allowing the rod to return to a straight position while the energy is transferred to the line, causing the line to launch toward its target.

There are several different types of fishing rods, each designed to perform a specific purpose. They can be used to target various fish species or for various fishing locations and methods. 

For casting, some rods are long and flexible, while others are short and rigid to withstand the rigors of heavy-duty game fishing. 

Check out the article, discover various types of fishing poles, and find the best pole for yourself!

Types Of Rods Or Poles According To Material

Types Of Rods Or Poles According To Material

Different materials are used to make fishing rods. Bamboo, graphite, fiberglass, or composite, for example. These factors affect the operation of the bar, as well as your skill level and angling mode. 

Rods Of Fiberglass 

It is a beginner’s game. With average weight and strong rod strength, these rods need little support. You may be targeting larger fish like muskie, walleye, or pike. If you want to recover the fighting fish, you’ll need a heavy, sturdy rod. Fiberglass rods are the most powerful. 

Rods Of Graphite 

Because of their high quality and lightness, advanced fishermen like them. Most angling situations are well-suited to lightweight graphite. It increases the bar’s fighting strength.

Composite Rods

Composite rods are of graphite, fiberglass, and possibly other materials. 

It is possible to get a rod that is the best of both worlds when built this way; this can be a huge money saver for budget anglers.

Bamboo Rods

Bamboo is the heaviest and least flexible of the materials used to produce fly rods. When fishing with dry flies, emergers, or unweighted small nymphs, bamboo is a great choice, especially when presentation and delicacy are necessary. 

Different Poles For Different Species

There are different fishing poles for different species of fish. Some of them are 

Casting Rod

Casting rods are also known as spin-cast rods. They’re holding a casting reel that’s attached to the handle. Casting rods are the simplest type of bar to use. 

They are among the most affordable fishing rods. It is an excellent option for first-time anglers. 

For most types of lake and waterway fishing, casting rods are adequate. They outperform a spinning rod in terms of performance. 

Spinning Rods

For a spinning rod, unlike a casting rod, the reel hangs underneath the rod opposite the tip. The key benefit is that you can use your dominant hand to hold the rod, which improves control. 

Furthermore, hanging the reel under the rod allows for more relaxed fishing over a longer period. They are used for sporting fish such as bass, trout, pike, and walleye.

Ultralight Rods

These rods can be used for seawater, freshwater, and even for flying fish. The ultra-light rod has a shorter range, lighter construction, and thinner lines. 

They’re used to catch smaller fish including trout, bass, and various panfish species. 

A panfish is a fish that can fit into a standard skillet. Little spinners, wet flies, loops, and plastic worms are popular ultra-light rod baits.

Fly Rods

A fly rod is designed specifically for fly fishing. It entails attaching a “fake fly” to a weighted line and casting a light draw. 

The lure is disguised with brightly colored plumes, hide, fur, and various materials to attract fish while the daunting line sinks out of sight. 

The fly rod is used to catch a variety of fish, including trout, salmon, carp, pike, bass, marlin, and sharks. 

Telescopic Fishing Rod

Telescopic angling rods crumple down to a small size or open up into a long rod. Whether you’re traveling by foot, bicycle, small car, or public transportation, this rod is easy to carry. 

Surf Rods

Surf rods are used while fishing in the sea from the beach, cliffs, or other types of shorelines. They have long-hold handles for two-gave casting and appear to be larger than typical spinning rods. 

Trolling Rods

Trolling involves casting from a moving boat and allowing the bait to be pulled through the water by the boat’s motion. They’re used for fishing in the ocean and the Great Lakes. 

Trolling rods are rigid and have a fast action, as a slow action rod would be too sluggish for trolling from a faster boat.

Things To Consider When Choosing A Fishing Pole

When selecting a fishing pole, the most important factors to remember are the species you’ll be chasing and how you’ll go about catching them. 

You may be searching for a multi-purpose pole to attract a variety of animals, or you may be concentrating your attention on a specific fish. You will narrow down your hunt for the right rod by asking yourself a few key questions.

  • Do you like to fish from the shore? 
  • Do you plan on fishing from a kayak or a boat? 
  • Are you fishing from the shore or the rocks? 
  • Will you be bushwhacking or wading through rivers to reach your destination? 
  • Do you want to fly with a rod in your luggage? 
  • Do you fish from piers and jetties? 
  • What kind of water will you be fishing in?

It will seem to be difficult, but it does not have to be. To buy a hook, what you need is a clear understanding of what you’re fishing for and the habitats you’ll be spending the majority of your time on. 

If you plan on fishing in shallow creeks and estuaries, a lightweight spinning rod would be much more suitable than a heavy surf rod.

How Much Does A Decent Fishing Pole Cost?

The cost of a fishing rod or pole can range from $20 to hundreds of dollars. If you’re just getting started, I’d suggest sticking to the lower end of the price spectrum and looking for combos. Combos can save you money by including the rod and reel in one package rather than purchasing each component separately. 

If you’ve decided that the sport is for you and your skills improve, you’ll probably want to invest in more advanced equipment. Things will start to get more costly at this stage. 

How Do You Know What Fishing Pole To Buy?

Understanding where you’ll be fishing and what you’ll be fishing for is the first step in selecting the right reel. The length of a fishing pole is measured from the tip to the end, and it is 4 to 14 feet. 

Larger rods or poles are recommended for casting longer distances, and the ability to disassemble them into many parts makes transportation easier. They’re also used for heavier lures and fly fishing. 

Shorter rods are usually used for lightweight lures and cast shorter distances. Shorter rods also allow for more maneuverability when battling a fish.

The motion of the rod is the point on the rod where it bends. The range of this calculation is from Ultra Light to Heavy. The lighter the action, the closer the rod bends to the butt. 

The heavier action causes the rod to bend at the top. Large fish prefer heavy action rods because the backbone is stiffer than light action rods, which are better for smaller fish. 

A rod’s weight indicates how much weight it can support. It’s measured in a pound test or by the weight of the lure it’s supposed to cast. 

Fishing rods are typically made of graphite, fiberglass, or a mixture of the two materials, depending on the functionality and type of fishing. Graphite rods are lighter and stiffer than fiberglass rods, but they are much more brittle, and they are typically more costly. 

Fiberglass rods are heavier than graphite rods, but they are much more versatile. There are two types of reels: spinning and casting, and each caters to a particular need. A spinning reel is perfect for beginners. 


It’s not easy to know how to pick a fishing pole. There’s a lot to think about if this is your first time buying one. 

The good news is that knowing what you want to do with your rod will save you a lot of guesswork. The rest, we hope, has been clarified by this post.